Sep 06
COPYRIGHT KOREAN STYLE by Alex J. Socorro  |  Posted in Articles  |  on Fri, Sep 6, 2013

Korean entertainment has been soaring for almost a decade. The so-called Kpop music is a world class act especially with Psy’s greatest youtube hit Gangnam Style. Currently, Korean TV soap has created a niche in the 3 local networks.

The rise of Korean entertainment worldwide can be attributed to their government’s support. Their copyright protection is a big encouragement for producers and publishers, performers and composers.

Earning the equivalent of $101 million in 2012, the members of KOMCA has been extremely beneficial to its musician members. Korea Music Copyright Association is the CMO (Collective Management Organization) for Korea’s musicians.

KOMCA is the counterpart of FILSCAP (Filipino Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers). In 2012, FILSCAP was awarded 679,000 Korean Won as per the collection of KOMCA. In return. FILCAP collected US$750 for KOMCA.

KOMCA has been collecting from radio, TV, cable, concert promoters and other music users and marketers like Karaoke manufacturers. Even department stores, hotels, and airlines pay their royalties to KOMCA.

In spite of the good collections of copyright fees, Korea is affected by the piracy. According to Choi Jong Cheoil, the primary culprits in their turf are online service providers like the P2P or torrent.

File-sharing in the internet is a pain in the neck of Intellectual Property offices worldwide. Because technology affords users to download and uploads of files easily, file-sharing is getting to be pandemic.

In the recent copyright forum held in Dusit Thani hotel in Makati City, IPO (Intellectual Property Office) Director General Ricardo Blancaflor announced that their office will soon turn into a bureau.


Speakers in the Korea-Philippines Copyright Forum: Park Kyu Young, Atty. Louie Calvario, Hwang Seong Un, Kim Dae Hyun, Director Carmen Peralta, Prof. Park Young Gil, Atty. Thursday Alciso, Kim Ki Bok, Alvin Buenaventura, Choi Jong Cheoi

As a bureau, the IPO will have its own budget thereby giving them more confidence and defined authority in implementing the copyright law. By the same token, CMOs will be monitored and evaluated for their more effective role in the copyright fields.

Atty. Louie Calvario of IPO Philippines said that they will soon be issuing a directive to accredited CMOS – FILSCAP, PRSP (Performers Rights Society of the Phil), FILCOLS for writers, FILVADRO for visual artists, and PMPPSI for publishers.

The minimum requirements for a CMO are 1) non-stock, non-profit corporation, 2) with substantial membership, 3) managerial and adminis-trative capability and 4) proper training from IPO Philippines.

A business manual – containing collection/distribution methods and rates – is also required aside from the audited financial statement that is to be submitted to IPO Philippines every year.

The copyright forum held on August 29, 2013 was sponsored by the KCC (Korean Copyright Commission) which has a satellite office in the country. The director of KCC is Hwang Seong Un.

Prof. Park Young-Gil, professor emeritus of Dongguk University in Korea, gave a speech regarding the relations of Korean CMOs and the Philippine counterpart. Copyright policy can seriously affect the economy.

Park Kyu Young, assistant director of copyright Policy Division of MCST, spoke at length on the current status and policies of CMOs. He said that we are now in the creative era so it is important to protect the rights of the creators.

Kim Ki Bok, president of KBPA (Korea Broadcasting Performers Asso-ciation) delved on the advancement and win-win policies. It is all about the relationship of CMOs and users of copyrighted materials.

On the Philippine side, Alvin Buenaventura of FILCOLS intimated their first successful collection from the Department of Education. It is the license to reproduce textbooks used in elementary education. That’s a good first step, said Mr. Buenaventura.


FILSCAP general manager Atty. Thursday Alciso and Alvin Buenaventura of FILCOLS

Atty. Mark Thursday Alciso, general manager of FILSCAP, also spoke on the relationship of copyright consumers with the local CMOs. He advised CMOs to have a lawyer to negotiate with the lawyer of users particularly of big companies like networks.

Atty. Marivic Benedicto, chairperson of PARI (Philippine Association of the Record Industry), discussed the broadcasting industry in relation to CMOs. She presented an ideal scenario where a one-stop shop is set up for the convenience of copyright users.

With the support of WIPO (World Intellectual Property Office) in Geneva, Switzerland, there is a sudden awareness of copyright protection despite the proliferation of pirated materials in the country.

In the years to come, there is a vision that copyright will be respected. This can probably be achieved by implementing practical policies such as imposing very minimal rates for users of copyrighted materials.

The Korea-Philippines Copyright Forum 2013 was opened by Director Carmen Peralta of IPO Philippines. The last part of the program was networking to establish individual connections and, of course, a sumptuous dinner.

Comments to this article can be sent to ajsocorro@yahoo.com


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